Capillary veins on the legs

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Capillary veins on the legs

Capillary veins on the legs

Varicose veins and capillaries are 'normal' veins that have spread under the action of high pressure in the venous system.
The role of veins is bringing blood from the periphery to the heart. Thus, the blood from the surface capillaries and veins escapes into larger surface veins and through the wedge into deep veins leading to the heart and lungs. Surface veins are located above the muscle envelope.
On the other hand, they are deep inside the envelope that binds the muscle. Muscular activity leads to compression of deep veins, increase of pressure in them, and pumping of blood to the heart.
What are veins or capillaries?


The whole vein system consists of veins which are called differently according to the width of the diameter and the accommodation. So we have:
• deep veins
• Large surface veins
• Reticular veins (surface veins of width 2 - 4 mm)
• teleangiectasia (surface veins with a width of up to 2 mm, so-called capillaries)
• capillaries (at least 5-10 μm blood vessels)
The enlarged veins and teleangiectasia (so-called capillary mucosa) are visible manifestations of changes in the venous system due to the relaxation of the vein walls and the so-called 'leakage' of the blood in the opposite direction (from the heart to the legs).

We meet with milder and harder shapes. When talking about milder forms, they lead to a somewhat unpleasant feeling of weight in the legs during longer stays and seating. As far as skin changes are concerned, they are purely aesthetic.
More serious 'leakage' in the venous system can lead to changes in skin color and wounds on the lower legs and dramatic consequences for overall health and life.

Causes of capillary formation
Veins arise due to a combination of internal and external negative factors. Most of the problems arise due to elevated pressure in the system, but in some people it is caused exclusively by the inborn weakness of the vein wall.
Genetic predisposition is an important factor in the emergence of visible capillaries and veins of the leg, but the specific genetic factor as a causative agent has not yet been detected.
The prolonged stagnation leads to a rise in pressure in the venous system and consequent damage to the veins in the vein and to its leakage.
Pregnancy is the common cause of the appearance of visible veins and capillaries. Namely, the main hormone of pregnancy affects the relaxation of the vein and valve wall and leads to 'leakage of blood in the opposite direction'.
The age at which the first changes occur is not determined, but changes with years tend to deteriorate.
Symptoms
What are the accompanying symptoms of venous and capillary problems with the aesthetic component?
• Feeling the weight in the legs
Pain and sensitivity along the vein
• itching of the skin
• tingling or intense feeling of 'baking'
• 'nervous feet' - a feeling of anxiety in the legs
Cramps during the night
• edema
• changes in color and texture of the skin
• Paresthesia - a feeling of itching, burning, heating, cooling and pain in a particular region of the skin

What were the changes and occurrences of the skin in the netting capillaries?
• burning
• swelling
• cramps
• Tiredness

Laser removal of capillaries
The percentage of treatment effectiveness of veins and capillaries with non-invasive techniques is up to 90%, which are also preferable due to the rare complications during the procedure and for faster recovery.
In the treatment of veins and capillaries, the following methods are most commonly used: sclerotherapy, non-invasive laser therapy and intense-pulsed-light, radiofrequency or laser venous ablation, and conventional surgical flebectomy.
In the Polyclinic Bagatin this problem is solved with the help of laser removal of veins and capillaries. It is possible to remove certain vascular lesions from different areas of the body by a laser.
Hemoglobin, which is found in red blood cells, absorbs the laser beam and transforms it into the heat energy that leads to the closure of the vein (the tangling of its wall).

All capillaries and veins can be removed, regardless of color, provided that they are up to 2 mm in diameter. Less veins and capillaries disappear immediately, while a larger diameter of the veins and capillaries requires a certain amount of time.
Laser Quanta System Duetto MT combines two wave lengths of the infrared spectrum: alexandrite and Nd: Yag, which makes it equally well on surface finely fine capillaries (alexandrite), but also deep, veins in the skin and under the skin (Nd: Yag).
The result is that the vessels, which would only be partially warmed by a single wavelength, after treatment with this laser are closed and disappear completely over the next few weeks.
Furthermore, a combination of two wavelengths uses less power and releases less heat into the surrounding tissue, making the treatment more pleasant. For better efficiency, a smaller number of lasers Quanta System Duetto MT are required.
Recovery after each laser treatment of veins and capillaries is from 4 weeks to a year. After 4 weeks, the treatment is repeated on the remaining capillaries and veins.
Treatment for reticular veins is usually not necessary to repeat.

There is no risk of 'restoring' the veins removed by any technique, but there is the possibility of new visible veins and capillaries occurring. The primary prevention of vein disease is activity.
Consequently, it is necessary to avoid too long sitting with lowered legs and standing.
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